Time-Sliced Quantum Circuit Partitioning for Modular Architectures

Abstract

Current quantum computer designs will not scale. To scale beyond small prototypes, quantum architectures will likely adopt a modular approach with clusters of tightly connected quantum bits and sparser connections between clusters. We exploit this clustering and the statically-known control flow of quantum programs to create tractable partitioning heuristics which map quantum circuits to modular physical machines one time slice at a time. Specifically, we create optimized mappings for each time slice, accounting for the cost to move data from the previous time slice and using a tunable lookahead scheme to reduce the cost to move to future time slices. We compare our approach to a traditional statically-mapped, owner-computes model. Our results show strict improvement over the static mapping baseline. We reduce the non-local communication overhead by 89.8% in the best case and by 60.9% on average. Our techniques, unlike many exact solver methods, are computationally tractable.

Publication
In Conference on Computing Frontiers 2020
Alex Hoover
Alex Hoover
Cryptography PhD Student

My research interests include provable security, lower bounds, structured encryption, and post-quantum security.

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